APPENDIX
THEOLOGICAL AUTHORS QUOTED BY AS-SANÛSÎ


This list includes only those authors it is certain or at least likely as-Sanûsî quoted from directly, not those quoted second hand. "Theological authors" excludes grammatical authorities and authors of verses.

`Abbd: a. `Al. M. b. `Abbd. Perhaps that of GAL SII, p. 345 (d. 792/1390)unnamed work quoted (cf. III, I, e)

al-`mid: Sayfaddn a. l- `A. b. `A. b. M. ath-Tha`lab l-mid (d. 631/1233). GAL I, p. 393, SI, p. 678
Akbr al-afkr

b. `Arab: Muyddn a. `Al. M. b. `A. b. M. b. `Arab (d. 638/1240). GAL I, p. 441, SI, p. 790; Osman Yahia, Histoire et classification de l'oeuvre d'Ibn `Arab (Damascus: Inst. français, 1964)
Sirj al-murdn (not listed by Osman Yahya)
al-Kitb al-mutawassa f l-i`tiqd (not identified)

b. `Arafa: a. `Al. M. b. M. b. `Arafa al-Wargham (d. 750/1350). EI2 (H.R. Idrs); GAL II, p. 247, SII, p. 347
al-Mukhtaar ash-shmil f t-tawd

al-Bqilln: al-Q a. B. M. b. a-ayyib b. M. b. Ja`far b. al-Q. al-Bqilln (d. 403/1013). EI2 (R.J. McCarthy); GAL I, p. 197, SI, p. 349
Kitb an-naq (not listed in GAL; cf. III, I, a)

b. Bal: a. l- `A b. Bal al-Andalus l-Mlik (d. 449/1057). GAL SI, p. 261
I`lm al-muaddith f shar a al-Bukhr

al-Bayw: Niraddn a. Sa`d `Al. b. `U. b. M. b. `A. al-Bayw (d. 716/ 1316). GAL I, p. 416, SI, p. 738
awli` al-anwr min mali` al-anr
Anwr at-tanzl wa-asrr at-ta'wl (tafsr)

b. Dahhq: a. Isq I. b. Y. b. M. b. Dahhq al-Aws (d. 616/ 1219). GAL SI, p. 672
Shar al-Irshd (of Imm-al-aramayn)

al-Ghazl: ujjat-al-Islm a. mid M. b. M. al-Ghazl -s (d. 505/ 1111). EI 2 (W. Montgomery Watt); GAL I, p. 421, SI, p. 748
Iy' `ulm ad-dn

b. al-jib: Jamladdn a. `Amr `Uth. b. `U. b. a. B. b. al-jib (d. 646/ 1249). GAL SI, p. 538
Mukhtaar al-fur`
`Aqda
Ul

b. al-jj: a. `Al. M. b. M. b. M. b. al-jj al-Fs l-`Abdar l-Qayrawn (d. 737/ 1336). GAL SII, p. 95
reports adths (Cf. Ch. III, A, note 3, and J, 32a, f. 339b.)

b. azm: a. M. `A. b. A. b. Sa`d b. azm (d. 456/ 1064). GAL I, p. 400, SI, p. 692
al-Fal f l-milal wa-n-nial (Cf. Ch. III, E, d.)

Imm-al-aramayn: a. l-Ma`l `Abdalmalik b. a. M. `Al. b. Y. al-Juwayn, known as Imm-al-aramayn (d. 478/ 1085). GAL SI, p. 671
al-Irshd f ul al-i`tiqd
ash-Shmil

al-Isfar'in: al-Ustdh Ruknaddn a. Isq I. b. M. b. Mahrn al-Isfar'in (d. 418/ 1027). GAL SI, p. 667; as-Subk, abaqt III, p. 111
al-Jmi` bayn al-jal wall-khaf or al-Jmi` f ul ad-dn

al-`Irq: A. b. `Abdarram al-`Irq (d. 826/ 1423). GAL SII, ppl. 71 and 105
Shar ul as-Subk

`Iy: al-Q a. l-Fal `Iy b. Ms b. `Iy al-Yaab l-Andals (d. 544/ 1149). GAL I, p. 369, SI, p. 630
ash-Shif' f ta`rf uqq al-Muaf
Ikml al-Mu`lim, shar a Muslim

`Izzaddn b. `Abdassalm: `Iaddn a. M. `Abdal`azz b. `Abdassalm as-Salam (d. 660/ 1262). GAL I, p. 430, SIK, p. 766
al-Qaw`id (GAL lists several)

b. a. Jamra: a. M. `Al. b. Sa`d b. a. l-`Abbs A. b. a. Jamra (or sometimes "amza") al-Azd l-Andalus (d. 699/ 1300). GAL SI, ppl. 635, 263 and 264; AB, p. 140
Mukhtaasr al-Bukhr

al-Maqqar: a. `Al. M. b. M. b. A. b. a. B. b. YY. b. `Ar. al-Qarash t-Tilimsn, known as al-Maqqar (d. 758/ 1357). GAL SII, p. 993; AB, p. 249
Kitb al-buy` min qaw`id al-uliyya

b. Marzq: M. b. Marzq al-afd (d. 842/ 1439). Cf. Ch. I, D, a, n. 15.
Shar al-Burda

Mu al-anafiyya: I could not identify this work. (Cf. Ch. III, J, i.)

al-Muqtara: Taqiyyaddn a. l-`Izz al-Muaffar b. `Al. b. `A. b. al-u. ash-Shfi` l-Mir l-Muqtara (d. 612/ 1215-6). GAL SII, p. 946, n. 173, I, p. 390, and SI, p. 672 (erroneously making "al-Muqtara" a book); as-Subk, abaqt V, p. 156.
al-Asrr al-`aqliyya (Cf. at-Tilimsn)

an-Niyha: I do not know which of the many books with this title it is. (Cf. Ch. III, J. i.)

al-Qarf: Shihbaddn a. l-`Abbs A. b. Idrs al-Qaf -inhj l-Bahnas, inown as ib-ash-shar` (d. 687/ 1285). GAL I, p. 385, SI, p. 665
Lawmi` al-furq f l-ul
al-Qaw`id

al-Qayrawn: a. M. `Al. b. a. Zayd `Ar. al-Qayrawn n-Nafzw (d. 386/ 996). GAL I, p. 177, SI, p. 301
`Aqda

al-Qushayr: a. l-Q. `Abdalkarm b. Hawzin b. `Abdalmalik b. ala b. M. al-Qushayr (d. 376/ 986). GAL I, p. 432, SI, p. 770
ar-Risla

Sann: `Abdassalm b. Sa`d b. abb at-Tankh (d. 280/ 854). GAL SI, p. 299
Al-Mudawwana

al-Qurub: a. l-`Abbs A. b. `U. al-Anr l-Qurub (d. 656/ 1258). GAL I, p. 384, SI, p. 664
Shar Muslim

b. Sn: a. `Al. al-u. b. `Al. b. Sn (d. 428/ 1037). GAL I, p. 453, SI, p. 812; G.C. Anawati, Mu'allaft Ibn-Sn, Mihrajn Ibn-Sn (Cairo: Dr al-Ma`rif, 1950)
ar-Risla a-ibbiyya (likely = al-Qann f -ibb Anawati, n. 140, p. 192)

ar-Rz: al-Imm Fakhraddn a. `Al. M. b. `U. b. al-u. b. al-Khab ar-Rz t-Taym l-Bakr (d. 606/ 1209). GAL I, p. 506, SI, p. 920
al-Mabith al-arba`n f ul ad-dn

al-Ma`lim f ul ad-dn (Cf. b. at-Tilimsn)

Muaal afkr al-mutaqaddim wa-l-muta'akhkhirn

Lubb al-Ishrt (commentary on b. Sn's al-Ishrt wa-t-tanbht)

b. Rushd: a. l-Wald M. b. A. b. Rushd (d. 520/ 1126). GAL I, p. 384; SI, p. 662
an-Nawzil

at-Taftzn: Sa`daddn Mas`d b. `U. at-Taftzn (d. 792/ 1390). GAL II, p. 215, SII, p. 301
Shar al-Maqid ad-dniyya
shiya `al l-kashshf (Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 21)
Shar Talkh al-mift (Cf. al-Qazwn)
Shar `Aqda an-Nasaf (quoted only in J)

b. at-Tilimsn: Sharafaddn a. M. `Al. b. M. b. `A. al-Fihr, known as Ibn-ast-Tilimsn (d. 644/ 1265-6). GAL I, p. 390, SI, p. 672; as-Subk, abaqt V, p. 60; j Khalfa, Kashf a-unn `an asm' al-kutub wa-l-funn (Istanbul, 1360/ 1941), II, col. 1726-1727
Shar al-Ma`lim (of ar-Rz)

at-Tilimsn: a. Yy. `Ar. b. M. b. A. ash-Sharf at-Tilimsn (d. 829/ 1425-6). AB, p. 170
Shar al-Asrr al-`aqliyya (of al-Muqtara; cf. AB, p. 170, and above, Ch. III, F, c.)
Shar al-Irshd (of Imm-al-aramayn; it is the work quoted by W, f. 10b cf. Ch. III, A. c.)

az-Zabd: a. B. M. b. . az-Zabd (d. 379/ 989-90). j Khalfa, Kashf-a-unn, col. 1107
abaqt an-najt



BIBLIOGRAPHY


A. Abbreviations used in the thesis

AB = Amad Bb; see below, C, "Bb"
BSOAS = Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies
E1 = Escorial ms. n. 697; see below, B, "Sans"
EI 1 = Enclyclopaedia of Islam, first edition
EI 2 = Encyclopaedia of Islam, second edition
GAL = Brockelmann; see below, C
IM = Ibn-Maryam; see below, C, "Maryam"
J = Shar al-Jaz'iriyya ; see below, "Sans"
JA = Journal asiatique
K = al-`Aqda al-kubr; see below, C, "Sans"
M = al-Muqaddima; see below, B and C, "Sans"
= al-`Aqda a-ughr; see below, C, "Sans"
= ighrat a-ighra; see below, B and C, "Sans"
W = al-`Aqda al-wus; see below, B and C, "Sans"

B. Manuscripts

`Askar, b.
Daw at an-nshir li-masin man kn min al-Maghrib min ahl al-qarn al-`shir (Paris: Bibliothque Nationale, ms. 5025). Cf. Ch. I, A. a, n. 2.

Fodio, `Al. b.
Nazm al-Wus (Ibadan: microfilm collection nos. 82/84 and CAD/42)

Fodio, `Uth. b.
Bayn ruj` ash-shaykh as-Sans `an at-tashdd `al t-taqld f `ilm at-taw d (Sokoto: ms. in the collection of the Marafa of Sokoto)

Malll, al-
al-Mawhibal-quddsiyya f l-manqib as-sansiyya (Paris: Bibliothque Nationale, ms. 6897). Cf. Ch. I, A, a, n. 1.

Marzq al-afd, b. (Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 2)
`Aqdat ahl at-tawd al-mukhrija min ulamt at-taqld (Istanbul: Süleymaniya ms. 1601, ff. 112a-116a)

Sans, M. b. Ysuf as-
al-`Aqda al-wus (Escorial, ms. 697). Cf. Ch. II, A, b, for a full list of manuscripts and editions.
Nurat ahl ad-dn (London: British Museum, ms. Add. 9521, ff. 245a-258a). Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 50.
Shar asm' Allh al-usn (Paris: Bibliothque Natioale, ms. 6480). Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 13.
Shar al-Murshida (Tunis: ms. in the collection of M. Naifar). Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 42.
ighrat a-ighra (Escorial, ms. n. 697). Cf. Ch. I, E, nos. 8 and 9.

Tanas, M. at-
Nam ad-durr wa-l-`iqyn f dawlat Ban-Zayn (Paris: Bibliothque Nationale, ms. 5173). Cf. Ch. I, B, note 10, and D, b, n. 3.

Zarkash, M. az-
Ta'rkh ba` ad-dawla al-muwaidiyya wa-nubgh ad-dawla al-afiyya wa-dhikr man malak min-hum (Paris: Bibliothque Nationale, ms. 1874). Cf. Ch. I, B, note 10.

C. Printed works

`Abdalbsi b. Khall
ar-Raw al-bsim f awdith al-`umr wa-t-tarjim, ed. and tr. by Robert Brunschvig, Deux rcits de voyage indits en Afrique du Nord au XVe sicle, `Abdalbsi et Adorne (Paris, 1936), pp. 69 and following. Cf. Ch. I, B, note 18.

Anawati, G.C.
Mu'allaft Ibn-Sn, Mihrajn Ibn-Sn (Cairo: Dr al-Ma`rif, 1950)

Cf. Gardet
Cf. Laugier de Beaurecueil

Bb, A. (Cf. Ch. I, A, b, n. 2)
al-La'l s-sundusiyya f l-fa'il as-sansiyya
Nayl al-ibtihj bi-ta rz ad-Dbj (Cairo, 1932-3) = "AB"
Kifyat al-mu tj li-ma`rifa man lays f d-Dbj

Bargs, J.J.L.
Histoire des Beni-Zeiyan, rois de Tlemcen (Paris, 1852)
Complment de l'histoire des Beni-Zeiyan (Paris, 1887)

Bel, Alfred "`Abd-al-Wd," EI 1
"`Abdalwdides," EI 1
"Tlemcen," EI 1
"Zaynids," EI 1
Cf. Khaldn, Yy. b.

Ben Cheneb, M. (Cf. Ch. I, A, b, n. 5)
"al-Sans," EI 1
"tude sure les personnages mentionnes dans l'idjza du cheikh `Abd el Qdir al-Fsy," in Actes du XIVe Congrs International des Orientalistes, Alger 1905, troisime partie, suite (Paris: Leroux, 1908)

Bivar, A.D., and M. Hiskett
"The Arabic literature of Nigeria to 1804: a provisional account," BSOAS, v. 25 (1962), pp. 104-148.

Brockelmann, Carl
Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur (Leiden: Brill, finished 1942). Cf. Ch. I, A, a, n. 4.

Brosselard, Charles
"Tombeau du Cid Mohammed es-Senouci et son frre le Cid Ali et-Tallouti," Revue Africaine, v. 3, n. 16 (April 1859), pp. 245-248. Cf. Ch. I, A, a, n. 3.
"Retour à Sidi Senouci: Inscriptions de ses deux mosques," Revue Africaine, v. 5, n. 28 (July 1861), pp. 241-260. This contains a translation of al-`Ubbd; cf. Ch. I, A, b, n. 1.
"Le tombeau de Sidi Zekri retrouv," Revue Africaine, v. 5, n. 29 (Sept. 1861), pp. 334-336.
"Tombeaux des familles el-Makkari et el-Okbani," Revue Africaine, v. 5, n. 30 (Nov. 1861), pp. 401-421.

Brunschvig, Robert
La Berbrie orientale sous les af ides des origines à la fin du XVe sicle (Paris, 1940 and 1947)
Cf. `Abdalbsit b. Khall

Cherbonneau, A.
"Documents indits sur es-Senouci, son caractre et ses crits," JA, 1854, pp. 175-180. Cf. Ch. Ik A, b, note 7.

Delphin, G.
"La philosophie du cheikh Senoussi d'aprs son `Aqda es-su'ra," JA, 9e srie, v. 10 (1897), pp. 356-370. Cf. Ch. I, E, note 190.

Gabrieli, G. (Cf. Ch. I, E, note 190.)
"Un capitolo di teodicea musulmana ovvero gli attributi divini secondo la Umm al-Barhn di al-Sans," Trani, 1914
"La dommatica minore di al-Sans," Trani, 1914

Gardet, Louis, and G. Anawati
Introduction à la thologie musulmane (Paris: Vrin, 1948)

The Gospel of Barnabas, ed. and tr. by Lonsdale and Lawra Ragg (Oxford, 1907). Cf. Ch. III, I, d, note 9.

Horten, Max
Muammadanische Glaubenslehre, Die Katechismus des Ful und des Sans übersetzt und erläutert (Kleine Texte für Vorlesungen und Übungen, hsg. von Hans Lietzmann, Heft 139, Bonn, 1916), pp. 45-53. Cf. Ch. I, E, note 190.

j Khalfa
Kash a - unn `an asm' al-kutub wa-l-funn (Istanbul, 1941)

ifnw, al-
Ta`rf al-khalaf bi-rijl as-salaf (Algiers, 1906)

mid, al-
awsh `ala Shar al-Kubr li-s-Sans (Cairo, 1936)

Hunwick, J.O.
"Amad Bb and the Moroccan invasion of the Sdn (1591)," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, v. 2, n. 3 (1962), pp. 311-328
"A new source for the biography of Amad Bb al-Tinbukt (1556-1627)," BSOAS, v. 27 (1964), pp. 568-593
"Further light on Amad Bb al-Tinbukt," Bulletin of the Center of Arabic Documentation (Ibadan), v. 2 (1966), pp. 19-31.
[Shar`a in Songhay: the replies of al-Maghl to the questions of al-Hajj Muhammad. O.U.P., 1985.]

Jomier, Jacques
"Un aspect de l'activit d'al-Azhar du XVIIe aux dbuts du XIXe sicles: Les `aq'id ou professions de foi," communication faite au colloque d'histoire tenu au Caire 27 Mars4Avril 1969 à l'occasion du Millnaire du Caire.

Julien, Charles A.
Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord (Paris: Payot, 1931)

Kattn, al-
Fahris al-fahris (Fez, 1927-8). Cf. Ch. I, A, b, note 7.

Kenny, Joseph
"A bibliography of Islam in the north of Nigeria and surrounding areas," Mlanges de l'Institut dominicain d'tudes orientales, v. 10 (1970) (Cairo, Dr al-Ma`rif), pp. 315-326. Cf. Ch. I, D, d, note 183.

Khaldn, `Ar. b.
al-`Abr wa-dwn al-mubtada' wa-l-khabar f ayym al-`Arab wa-l-`Ajam wa-l-Barbar, part 3 (Blq, 1867). Cf. Ch. I, B, note 10.

Khaldn, Yy. b.
Bughyat ar-ruwwd f akhbr al-mulk min Ban-`Abd-al-Wd, ed. and tr. by Alfred Bel, Histoire des Beni `Abd el-Wd, rois de Tlemcen, in three volumes (Algiers, 1904, 1911, 1913). Cf. Ch. I, B, note 10.

Laugier de Beaurecueil, S., and G.C. Anawati
"Une preuve de l'existence de Dieu chez Ghazzali et S. Thomas," Mlanges de l'Institute Dominicain d'tudes Orientales, 3 (1956), pp. 207-258. Cf. Ch. III, B, b, note 10.

Luciani, J.-D.
Petit trait de thologie musulmane par Abou Abdallah Mohammad ben Mohammed ben Youssef Senoussi (Algiers: Fontana, 1896). Cf. Ch. I, E, note 190.
Les prolgomnes thologiques de Senoussi (Algiers, 1908). Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 11.
"A propos de la traduction de la Senoussia," Revue Africaine, v. 42, n. 231 (1898), pp. 376-388. Cf. Ch. I, E, note 190.

Marçais, George
"La Berbrie du VIIe au XVIe sicle," confrence faite à la sance d'ouverture du Deuxime Congrs National des Sciences Historiques, Alger, 14 avril 1930, in Mlanges d'histoire et d'archologie de l'occident musulmane, v. 1, Articles et confrences de Georges Marçais (Algeirs, 1957), pp. 17-22
"`Abd-al-Wdids," EI 2 .

Maryam, b.
al-Bustn f dhikr al-awliy' wa-l-`ulam' bi-Tilimsn (Algiers, 1908). Cf. Ch. I, A, b, n. 3.

McCarthy, R.J.
"Al-Bqilln," EI 2.

Qarf, A. b. Idrs al-
al-Ajwiba al-fkhira f r-radd `al l-as'ila al-fjira (Cairo, H. 1322). Cf. Ch. III, I, d, note 1.

Qur'n: A Cairo Arabic edition was used; translations are my own.

Rz, Fakhraddn ar-
Tafsr (Cairo, c. 1930). Cf. Ch. III, I, f, note 17.

Sans, M. b. Ysuf as-
al-`Aqda al-kubr (Cairo, 1936). Cf. Ch. I, E, nos. 2 and 3.
al-`Aqda a-ughr (Cairo, 1939). Cf. Ch. I, E, nos. 6 and 7.
al-`Aqda al-wus: Shar al-Wus (Tunis, 1909). Cf. Ch. II, A, b, for a full list of manuscripts and editions.
Manqib al-arba`a al-muta'akhkhirn. Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 51, on how this is contained in Ibn-Maryam.
al-Muqaddimt. Cf. J.-D. Luciani, Les prolgomnes...
ighrat a-ighra (Cairo, 1904-5). Cf. Ch. I, E, nos. 8 and 9.

Saraqus, I. as-
al-Hiba wa-l-`a' f shar al-`Aqda al-wus (Tunis, 1926-7). Cf. Ch. II, A, b.

Sifqs, Mamd b. Sa`d Maqrsh as-
shiya `al Shar al-Wus li-M. b. Ysuf as-Sans (Tunis, 1902-3). Cf. Ch. II, A, b.

Subk, as-
abaqt ash-Shfi`a al-kubr (Cairo, H. 1324)

Turki and M. ash-Shdhili Naifar
al-Frisiyya (Tunis, 1968). Cf. Ch. I, E, n. 42.

`Ubbd, al-
Cf. Brosselard, "Retour à Sidi Senouci..."

Watt, W. Montgomery
"al-Ghazl," EI 2.

Weir, T.H.
The shaikhs of Morocco in the sixteenth century (Edinburgh: Morton, 1904). Cf. Ch. I, A, a, n. 2.

Wensinck, A.J.
The Muslim creed, its genesis and historical development (Cambridge, 1932)

Wolff, Ph.
El-Senusis Begriffsentwicklung des Muhammedanischen Glaubensbekentnisses (Leipzig, 1848). Cf. Ch. I, E, note 190.

Yahia, Osman
Histoire et classification de l'oeuvre d'Ibn `Arab (Damascus: Institut Français, 1964)